I know little about Ludwig Wittgenstein, and even less about Wilhelm Dilthey, but both have me intrigued lately.
Wittgenstein, in the latter half of his career, offered this advice to philosophers who want to understand how words are used:
“Don’t think but look!”
“…when investigating meaning, the philosopher must ‘look and see’ the variety of uses to which the word is put.” — Anat Biletzki and Anat Matar in their article on Wittgenstein in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy
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Dilthey drew a distinction between natural science and (what is sometimes called) human science with this quote:
“We explain nature, humans we must understand.”
Read a detailed article on Dilthey here.