Tag Archives: C. Stephen Evans

Who are you? Are you a self? (Descartes v. Kierkegaard)

Updated Dec. 19.

“In understanding the self as an achievement, something I must become, Kierkegaard has already distinguished his view from the sort of conception of the self associated with the French philosopher Rene’ Descartes. Descartes saw the self as a unified ego, a consciousness that was necessarily transparent to itself. What Descartes sees as the essence of the self, Kierkegaard views as the goal. Before selfhood proper begins, the pre-self is a complicated mixture of sometimes conflicting desires and tendencies. This is made possible by what we might term the self’s ‘natural dissociation.’ That is, I am not clearly aware of every aspect of myself.” — C. Stephen Evans, Soren Kierkegaard’s Christian Psychology: Insight for Counseling & Pastoral Care (1990)

Furthermore, think about what Michael Polanyi says in The Tacit Dimension: “We can know more than we can tell.”

To be able to do something does not necessarily mean we know how to explain our ability to do it; to know something does not necessarily mean that we know how we know it.

As someone else has noted in relation to Polanyi’s work, I might be able to take a bicycle around a corner. I might not be able to explain all the physics and mechanics of the process.

This seems to indicate that part of ourselves is not fully integrated with another part of ourselves. This makes Kierkegaard, in the sense mentioned above, seem closer to reality than Descrates. We probably aren’t fully available and transparent to ourselves, and becoming fully available and transparent to ourselves, a noble goal, probably takes time.

That being said, being able to do something does not require you to be able to explain all of how you do it. One could suggest that the ability to do something, without having to give an Enlightenment rationalist’s account of the process, would be a good thing. That might have been the direction of Heidegger.

Also see Our Intellectual Positions and Our Hearts.

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C. Stephen Evans: Why it’s difficult to explain reasons for faith

“It is the fact that cases for and against a religious life-view typically rest on the whole range of human experience that makes it so difficult to evaluate religious beliefs. Sometimes this is the reason that believers — as well as unbelievers — have difficulty explaining the reasons for their beliefs. The problem is not that they have no reasons, but that they have too many reasons. It is hard briefly to summarize why it is that a particular perspective seems to be the one that makes the most sense of a person’s life and all that a person knows.” — C. Stephen Evans, professor of philosophy at Baylor University, in his 1996 book Why Believe? Reason and Mystery as Pointers to God.

That excerpt has a lot in common with this brilliant quotation by G.K. Chesterton.